Why Is The Arctic Colder Than The Equator?

What is the largest land animal in Antarctica?

Belgica antarcticaThe largest land animal in Antarctica is a wingless midge, Belgica antarctica, which is less than 1.3 cm long..

Which country is closest to the equator?

The countries through which the equator runs are:São Tomé and Principe.Gabon.Republic of the Congo.The Democratic Republic of the Congo.Uganda.Kenya.Somalia.Maldives.More items…•Jan 28, 2020

Do humans live in Death Valley?

More than 300 people live year-round in Death Valley, one of the hottest places on Earth. … With average daytime temperatures of nearly 120 degrees in August, Death Valley is one of the hottest regions in the world.

What is the coldest place on Earth?

OymyakonOymyakon and Verkhoyansk are the only two permanently inhabited places in the world that have recorded temperatures below -50.0 degrees Celsius.

Is the ice growing in Antarctica?

East Antarctica sea ice has been increasing since 1978, though not at a statistically significant rate. The atmospheric warming has been directly linked to the mass losses in West Antarctica of the first decade of the twenty-first century. … Melting of the ice shelves in turn causes the ice streams to speed up.

Why is it so hot at the equator?

Why is it hotter at the equator than it is at the poles? a. Because the equator is closer to the sun. … Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator.

What is the hottest state?

FloridaFlorida ranks overall as the warmest state year round. The other state in the top four is Hawaii. The group of tropical islands ranks second to Florida as the country’s hottest state….Hottest States in America.Rank1YearFloridaWinterHawaiiSummerLouisiana9 more columns

Why is it colder further from the equator?

The sun shines directly at the equator, heating the atmosphere there and causing temperatures at the equator to be very warm. The further a location is from the equator, the less sunlight that location receives to heat the atmosphere and thus, the temperature is colder.

Is the South Pole the coldest place on Earth?

Antarctica is the coldest place on earth. It is also the windiest, driest, and highest continent. The South Pole is not the coldest place in Antarctica.

Do humans live in the polar regions?

In total, only about 4 million people live in the Arctic worldwide, and in most countries indigenous people make up a minority of the Arctic population. … Northern people found many different ways to adapt to the harsh Arctic climate, developing warm dwellings and clothing to protect them from frigid weather.

Why is it colder in the Arctic?

Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. The Sun is always low on the horizon, even in the middle of summer. In winter, the Sun is so far below the horizon that it doesn’t come up at all for months at a time. … The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land.

Which is colder the Arctic or the Antarctic?

The main reason why Antarctica is colder than the Arctic is that Antarctica is a continent surrounded by an ocean while the Arctic is an ocean almost completely surrounded by continents and Greenland. The Arctic’s ice is relatively thin compared with Antarctica and it has water, not land, under it.

Why polar regions are so cold?

Both polar regions of the earth are cold, primarily because they receive far less solar radiation than the tropics and mid-latitudes do. … Moreover, most of the sunlight that does shine on the polar regions is reflected by the bright white surface.

Do polar bears live in Antarctica?

Polar bears live in the Arctic, but not Antarctica. Down south in Antarctica you’ll find penguins, seals, whales and all kinds of seabirds, but never polar bears. Even though the north and south polar regions both have lots of snow and ice, polar bears stick to the north. … Polar bears don’t live in Antarctica.

Is the equator the hottest place on earth?

So the concept that the hottest place on earth is around the equator and the coolest is on the poles is wrong. It is hotter in the desert than around the equator because the weather in the desert is very dry so when the temperature rises and it doesn’t rain the temperature will rise even higher ….

What are the top 5 hottest places on earth?

The 10 hottest places on earthDallol, Ethiopia. … Wadi Halfa, Sudan. … Dasht-e Loot, Iran. … Tirat Zvi, Israel. … Timbuktu, Mali. … Kebili, Tunisia. … Ghadames, Libya. … Bandar-e Mahshahr, Iran. This sweltering city hit the second highest heat index on record – the heat index combines air temperature and relative humidity.More items…•Feb 8, 2019

Why polar regions are colder than equatorial regions?

Polar regions receive less intense solar radiation than the other parts of Earth because the sun’s energy arrives at an oblique angle, spreading over a larger area, and also travels a longer distance through the Earth’s atmosphere in which it may be absorbed, scattered or reflected, which is the same thing that causes …

What is the hottest place on earth?

Death ValleyScientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.